Their heroic effort failed.
The world inside the bookcase wasn't C.S. Lewis' Narnia. In 1944, it offered, at best, uncertain hope.
Hedy and I visited the structure known today as the Anne Frank House. Built in 1635, the unremarkable canal house was the place where Anne Frank's father, Otto, ran two businesses during the war. Ultimately, the building became the family's refuge.
It consists of a front house and a less conspicuous back annex. Otto, his wife, two daughters and four other Jewish friends hid in the annex above Otto's office for 25 months. Anne in her diary called it the "Secret Annex," and it was accessible only by going through a passage behind a bookcase.
The eight people hid in the 500-square-foot annex from July 1942 until August 1944.
Anne wrote in her diary: "Not being able to go outside upsets me more than I can say, and I'm terrified our hiding place will be discovered and that we'll be shot."
Tragically, the Frank family and the four others were betrayed to the Nazis by an anonymous source late in the war.
Otto was the only survivor. Anne died of typhus at Bergen-Belsen at the age of 15, as the allies stormed Germany in the final bloody weeks of combat.
After the war, Anne's diary was discovered in the house. It was compiled into a book and published in Dutch in 1947. "Anne Frank: The Diary of a Young Girl" has since been published in 67 languages.
My introduction to Anne's compelling story occurred in 1959 when I was 14. I viewed the film, "The Diary of Anne Frank," based on a Pulitzer Prize-winning play constructed from that diary. Shortly thereafter, I read the diary in school.
I was moved.