Holocaust Remembrance Day (Yom HaShoah) is next Monday.
Höss (not to be confused with Rudolph Hess, Hitler's deputy) served as the commandant of Auschwitz for three-and-a-half years. During his tenure, an estimated 1.1 million people — 90% of whom were Jews — were put to death at Auschwitz.
Höss seemed not the least discomfited by the appalling numbers. In fact, in his detailed testimony following the conclusion of World War II, he claimed to have been responsible for "at least 2.5 million victims (who) were executed and exterminated by gassing and burning."
Whatever the accurate figure, the enormity of his crimes boggles the mind. We denizens of the 21st century look back on events of 70 years ago and are tempted to utter one of the more banal clichés of our time: "What was he thinking?"
But, truly, what was he thinking? A lifetime is but three score and 10 years. Did Höss never contemplate divine retribution — exacted if not in this world then certainly the next? Did he somehow expect the cosmos to give him a pass?
I recently met Höss in a book titled "The Nuremberg Interviews." The book contains 1946 conversations with defendants and witnesses called to the docket at the Nuremberg Trials, held in post-war Germany. It's a fascinating read.
U.S. Army physician and psychiatrist, Dr. Leon Goldensohn, conducted the interviews. Dr. Goldensohn died in 1961, and members of his family organized and arranged his notes and his typed interviews years later. The extraordinary research was compiled into what I experienced as an absorbing yet deeply troubling book.